It should be noted that the assessment was conducted during the global COVID-19 pandemic. This worldwide event likely impacted many of the metrics included in this assessment.
Fixed broadband is delivered to a user via several technology platforms including cable, digital subscriber line (DSL) over phone lines, fiber optics, and fixed wireless. Fixed broadband is designed for stationary use at a fixed location such as a home, business, or institution. From one location, however, fixed broadband service is often broadcast as a Wi-Fi network to connect nearby devices.
The following map shows where broadband is available in the community.
Improve access to higher internet speeds in Foard County by increasing community engagement and working with internet service providers (ISPs) to address access and affordability.
The FCC currently defines broadband (high-speed internet) as speeds higher than 25 Mbps download and 3 Mbps upload (25/3). However, the speeds necessary to run most modern applications, and use more than a few devices at a time, are 100 Mbps download and 10 Mbps upload (100/10). According to the most recent data, 99.6% of Foard County households have access to internet service with 100/10 Mbps speeds, yet survey data indicates that the average reported download speed in Foard County is 30.86 Mbps. Additionally, only 28% of responding households subscribe to the internet with speeds faster than 25 Mbps download and 3 Mbps upload. This implies that most respondents are not subscribing to the highest available speeds. Low adoption rates are often related to the affordability of internet service or devices, lack of digital skills, or a low value placed on internet access.
Internet affordability is a chief concern for Foard County residents. Among households without an internet connection, 66.7% said they did not have broadband because it was too expensive.
Addressing internet affordability concerns with area ISPs and promoting subsidy programs to residents can encourage more people to sign up for internet. For those who do not have internet at home, libraries are a great resource to fill the gap. They are community hubs. They are sources of information, education, and community engagement. Libraries are also one of a community’s main resource for technology services and internet access.
Action 1 – Establish broadband leadership and maintain community buy-in among stakeholders.
Building on the work of the Foard County community broadband team, the County Commissioners Court should establish a permanent broadband committee to act as advisors to the county and appoint a broadband liaison to lead the effort. Government planning and long-term community development strategies require community buy-in and participation. Establishing leadership is essential. Whether paid or volunteer, part-time or full-time, this person will be the point of contact for broadband in the county. They will be the person who stays up to date on all things broadband, new construction projects in the region, new laws, and funding opportunities, as well as maintains a local presence to keep the community interested and engaged in the process.
Broadband advisory council members should include representatives from a wide variety of community stakeholders, such as:
- Health care: Local physicians or hospital staff
- Government: County Judge, County Commissioners, Mayor, City Council, County IT Director
- Education (K-12): Superintendents, School IT Directors
- Education (Higher-Education): University, community college, trade schools or workforce training
- Public Safety: County Sheriff’s Office, Police Department, Fire and Rescue and surrounding Volunteer Fire Departments, Emergency Medical Services
- Agriculture: County Agriculture Agent, leading agriculture producers
- Business: Local chamber of commerce, economic development centers
- Community At-Large: A local resident who is interested in furthering the broadband agenda of Foard County
Broadband council responsibilities should include:
- Keep abreast of state and national broadband policy initiatives and notable broadband news. Stay up to date on any publications, events, and policy briefs published by the Governor’s Broadband Development Council (GBDC) and Broadband Development Office (BDO), as well as monitor notable broadband developments via industry newsletters and focused research.
- Keep the community informed of projects and progress and invite community participation to maintain buy-in and high adoption rates. Getting community buy-in is essential to the long-term success and sustainability of community initiatives. Success of local initiatives requires community support, transparency, and engagement. Not only will this help keep the momentum going but will show ISPs there is true interest for expanded service in the area, which will encourage greater investment in the region.
- Stay up to date on state and federal broadband legislation.
- Apply for applicable state and federal grant programs.
- Ensure digital engagement in all community sectors (telehealth, telework, education, commerce, etc.).
- Attend workshops, webinars, meetings, and general trainings that discuss telecommunications, and broadband specifically.
- Provide digital literacy and digital skills assistance to the community’s at-risk populations.
- Hold regular meetings. The council should meet at least once a month. Meetings can be held virtually, in person, or in a hybrid capacity to accommodate members’ needs. These meetings should provide updates on community activities, allow time for guest speakers and presentations, and offer an open forum for discussion about broadband advancements in the county.
Action 2 – Maintain open communication and foster relationships with area ISPs to address speed and affordability gaps.
Foard County community stakeholders indicate a high level of satisfaction with area ISPs. This provides a great foundation to continue working with existing ISPs in the area, to understand and encourage their expansion plans for the region, discuss survey results, and address community concerns of affordability and access to higher speeds.
Foard County, through its broadband committee, should strive to maintain open communications and positive relations with area ISPs. This should include regular check-ins to stay abreast of construction and expansion progress or changes in plans to identify any obstacles or challenges ISPs are facing, and to communicate community goals and objectives. Open communication allows for providers to better understand community needs and for communities to better understand the obstacles and barriers providers face. This understanding can encourage creative problem solving, which can lead to finding solutions through public-private partnerships.
CN data show Foard County is 99.6% served at 100 Mbps download and 10 Mbps upload, leaving only two households unserved. CN map data also show that fiber infrastructure has been deployed in many parts of the county. The broadband committee should strive to understand what can be done to encourage expansion of higher-speed infrastructure within the city limits and in more parts of the county. Additionally, CN data and survey responses indicate that even where higher speeds are available subscription rates remain low. This is most likely due to the high cost of higher-speed packages or a lack of understanding about the value of the internet. These issues can be addressed by working with ISPs to offer more affordable options and with the community to improve digital literacy and community buy-in.
Internet Service Providers currently working in Foard County:
|PROVIDER DOING-BUSINESS-AS NAME||TECHNOLOGY||WEBSITE||MAX.DOWNLOAD SPEED (Mbps)||MAX. UPLOAD SPEED (Mbps)|
|AT&T Southwest||Fixed Wireless||http://www.att.com||10||1|
|Santa Rosa Telephone Cooperative Inc.||Fiber||https://srcaccess.net/||1000||1000|
|Santa Rosa Telephone Cooperative Inc.||DSL||https://srcaccess.net/||50||10|
|TGM Pinnacle Network Solutions||Fixed Wireless||http://pinnaclenetworksolutions.com||50||5|
Action 3 – Share information with the community about internet subsidy programs and low-cost internet packages available to combat obstacles to internet affordability.
There are programs to assist low-income residents with the cost of internet, but ISPs need to participate in them for residents to benefit. In cases where ISPs do not participate in federal subsidy programs, the broadband committee should find out why and what can be done to encourage them to do so.
There are two main federal internet subsidy programs and ISPs often have their own low-cost programs as well:
Lifeline is a federal program administered through the FCC Universal Service Administrative Co. that lowers the monthly cost of phone or internet services. Eligible consumers can receive up to $9.25 off the cost of phone, internet, or bundled services each month. Households can qualify based on income or participation in federal or tribal assistance programs.
The Affordable Connectivity Program (ACP) was created to help households struggling to afford internet service. The ACP provides a $30 monthly credit toward internet service ($75 a month for qualifying residents on tribal lands) and up to $100 for the purchase of a device. Households can qualify based on income or participation in federal or tribal assistance programs. To receive the connected device discount, consumers must enroll in the ACP with a participating provider that offers connected devices. The ISP will provide the discount to the consumer. The ACP Tool Kit is a resource that communities can use to promote the program to residents.
Internet service providers often offer their own low-cost options or subsidized programs to consumers at a greatly reduced cost, so customers should always ask what might be available to them. The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) of 2021, now called the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), requires ISPs that receive federal grant money to offer low-cost service to eligible low-income households.
Free or low-cost internet programs available in Foard County by ISPs are:
Action 4 – Increase funding for Foard County Library to expand programs and services.
Libraries are a great community resource and Foard County Library is underutilized. Only 22.2% percent of survey respondents indicate that they interact with the Foard County Library online, daily, or at least once a week. The library has an active social media presence, regularly posting online with new offerings, which is a great way to actively engage residents. However, additional services or resources could be included online as well, such as regular website updates or ensuring the library’s Google business listing is updated to include current hours of operation.
Survey respondents indicate that the average reported internet speed among libraries and community organizations was 16.38 Mbps. The library should research and pursue the best available internet service in the area. Libraries, like schools, need to have the fastest speeds because they are often where those without internet at home go to get online, come to study, apply for jobs, and where many people are online at the same time.
Foard County Library would greatly benefit from additional community support and funding to increase programing and expand hours of operations. Investing in the Foard County Library could improve access to broadband and devices for Foard County’s low-income residents and provide additional options to any resident without a good internet connection at home.
The FCC has special funding for schools and libraries to help pay for internet costs, called E-rate. In Texas, most accredited public libraries are eligible for an 80% discount, with more than a quarter eligible for a 90% discount. Foard County Library is not utilizing E-rate. The broadband committee should help the library assess E-rate opportunities to maximize the funds and bring greater services to the library.
In 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) gave state, local, and tribal governments Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (SLFRF). Foard County is the recipient of $224,345.00 in ARPA SLFRF funds. If any funds remain unallocated by the county, broadband investments are an allowable use of these funds. Additional support should be sought from Foard County, the City of Crowell, grant opportunities, and the community at large to expand library service hours and offerings, as this would be of great benefit to the residents of Foard County.
Action 5 – Foard County Library should increase the number of public computers and publicize their availability. The public library, area businesses, and city and county buildings should offer free public Wi-Fi.
Computers are as important as books in a library because they provide direct access to knowledge. U.S. Census data shows only 86.6% of Foard County households have a computer at home, as compared to 92.7% of households statewide (ACS 2016-20). Survey results also indicate that 22.2% of surveyed households use their smartphone as their only way to get online, and 16.7% of respondents use their mobile service to connect other devices. Only 20% of responding businesses offer public Wi-Fi. No public city or county building offers public Wi-Fi.
This shows a need for publicly available devices and free public Wi-Fi. Encouraging local businesses to offer Wi-Fi and allowing visitors to use Wi-Fi at city and county buildings can help alleviate this need. Setting up mobile hotspots at parks or other gathering spots in the community is another easy way to expand community access to the internet. Another resource could be the Crowell Independent School District, whose campus has the fastest internet in the area, at 3,000 Mbps but does not offer public Wi-Fi.
American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (SLRF) were allocated to each county and can be used for water, sewer, and broadband. Allowable uses include broadband infrastructure, public Wi-Fi infrastructure, and the purchase of devices. Additional support should be sought from Foard County, the City of Crowell, state or federal grant opportunities, public or private grants, and the community at large.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 5-Year Estimates, 2016-20
Establish an official broadband committee and select a countywide liaison within six months. The broadband council should meet with ISPs immediately to begin to understand the barriers to expansion and offering lower-cost packages.
Broadband committee should begin work on library funding and affordability issues within six months.
County Judge, Commissioners Court, Foard County community broadband team
Libraries and library boards, schools, ISPs, local and county governments, Foard County Broadband Advisory Council, area businesses
- Affordable Connectivity Program (ACP)
- Texas State Library and Archives Commission – E-rate overview
- E-rate resources page
- Governor’s Broadband Development Council
- The Texas Statute
- The 2021 Governor’s Broadband Development Council’s Report
- The 2020 Governor’s Broadband Development Council’s Report
- The Texas Broadband Development Office
- The Texas Broadband Plan 2022
- Coronavirus State Allocation
- Final Rule
- CN’s list of Current Broadband Funding
- BroadbandUSA: Federal Funding Guide
- Guide to Federal Broadband Funding Opportunities in the U.S.
Improve digital skills and broadband internet adoption rates by encouraging greater digital literacy and advocating for the community to address residential and business internet concerns.
Foard County residents who responded to the survey are active online, they engage with businesses, both local and non-local, they do business online, and they show a good amount of digital literacy skills. Foard County businesses understand the importance of technology skills in the workplace and value their employees with advanced skills. This offers opportunities to increase and maintain digital skills in the community and to expand opportunities for local businesses by increasing their online presence. Additionally, the business community would benefit from higher speeds and more options for service.
Action 1 – Offer website and social media classes for local businesses.
Sixty-six percent of survey respondents indicate that they interact online with non-local business daily or at least once a week, and 59.2% interact with local business online daily or at least once a week – yet only 40% of responding local businesses have a website. This shows that many local companies are not taking advantage of the benefits of doing business online. The broadband committee should partner with the public library, chamber of commerce, industrial commission, Crowell ISD, or other local entities to offer website classes for local businesses.
Classes should encourage local businesses to develop websites, to update and maintain them regularly, and to use social media, e-commerce, and other advanced uses of broadband and technology more often and with greater community impact. Classes should also promote digital awareness and the value of connection to the online world. A 2018 study commissioned by Google found that the main reason businesses were not engaging online was not lack of access but lack of an understanding of the value it brings. According to the study, “Amongst the least digitally engaged small businesses, 40% believe that digital tools are ‘not relevant for my business,’ and 38% believe that ‘they are not effective for my business.’ This indicates that less digitally engaged businesses may be unaware of the benefits associated with digital tools” (Deloitte 2018). To boost local business in Foard County, the broadband committee should encourage local business owners to become more digitally literate and comfortable online. Better technology skills in the business sector can improve entrepreneurial support, eliminate the knowledge gap, promote business growth and workforce development, lower business startup costs, and assist in accelerating business development.
Action 2 – Offer digital literacy training to residents for workforce development and increased internet adoption rates.
Workforce development — According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), fully one-third of working-age Americans lack basic digital skills. One in six are unable to use email, search the internet, or use other basic online tools (Ezell 2021). Foard County survey respondents show a good amount of digital literacy skills, but Foard County employers indicated that 20% of their employees are “basic” users. Survey responding Foard County businesses understand the importance of technology skills in the workplace and value their employees with advanced skills: 60% of responding Foard County employers believe tech training among employees is important and 40% require their employees to pursue continuing education. Additionally, 100% of responding businesses indicate they use email, text, and social media daily in their business, 100% use the internet for work, and 96% use a computer for work. This shows a workforce interest in continuing technology training and a need to maintain a high level of digital skills in the community. The broadband committee can achieve this by partnering with the public library, chamber of commerce, industrial commission, Crowell ISD, or other local entities to offer community-based digital literacy classes. Classes should also promote the value of internet adoption to improve workforce readiness, increase access to services such as education and health care, and improve quality of life.
Internet adoption — According to CN and U.S. Census data, 68-72% of Foard County households subscribe to the internet. This is a much lower adoption rate than the nation as a whole (85.2% of Americans subscribe to the internet) and statewide (85.1% of Texans subscribe to the internet). It is not much lower than some of the surrounding counties: 70.1% of households in Hardeman County subscribe to the internet, 68.4% in Cottle, 70.2% in Wilbarger; but it is much lower than other surrounding counties: 77.6% of households in Childress County subscribe to the internet, Knox (78.8%) and Baylor (78.6%). This means that even where internet is available, people are not signing up for it. Based on CN research, this generally has two causes: people do not see the value in it or they cannot afford it.
Digital literacy training can help people understand the value of being connected: how it can offer access to skills, knowledge, education and entertainment, improved outcomes in health care, and positively impact their lives. Communities with higher adoption rates not only reap more benefits of connectivity, but they are more desirable markets for ISPs and more likely to attract infrastructure expansion projects.
Action 3 – Broadband committee should advocate on behalf of residents and businesses to address affordability concerns with ISPs and increase broadband adoption.
Per CN data, 99.6% of Foard County households have access to internet speeds of 100/10, yet only 28% of survey respondents subscribe to internet with speeds over 25/3.
Residential — Data collected in CN’s Connected Community Engagements are compared across other communities nationwide that have undergone the same process. The average reported download speed among responding residents in Foard County is 30.86 Mbps, which is just above the FCC’s current minimum standard of broadband (25/3) and below that of other Connected communities (36.16 Mbps).
Higher speeds seem to be available across the entire county. CN data indicate that 99.6% of Foard County has access to internet speeds of 100/10 and fiber deployment is in multiple parts of the county. Why are people not signing up?
Using the standard 2% of median income as a metric to determine affordability puts the affordable cost of internet for Foard County at $68.98 a month. Internet packages exist at that price but they offer below-broadband speeds. Internet packages available in the area with broadband speeds of 25 Mbps download cost around $90 a month and cost $100 to $200 for 50 Mbps and faster, well above the affordability metric for the county. This indicates a real need for lower cost broadband packages or subsidized programs to encourage more residents to sign up for internet and for faster speed packages. Access to faster speeds will allow the community to reap the true benefits of connectivity.
Business — The average reported download speed among responding businesses in Foard County was 17.13 Mbps, which does not meet the FCC defined threshold for broadband (25/3) and is much slower than the average in other Connected communities (45.02 Mbps). The average monthly cost of internet service for responding businesses was $106.25, which is higher than other Connected communities ($97.28).
- 60% of Foard County business respondents indicate being satisfied with their internet service, but where dissatisfied:
- 100% of them report speeds being too slow as the primary reason.
- 75% say price is too high.
Digital literacy training, website building, and social media classes should be offered to businesses within six months. Residential and business concerns about high-cost/low-speed internet should be addressed immediately.
- Chamber of commerce/economic development organizations
- IT/technology organizations
Many free resources exist for digital literacy training, including:
Support the 3 Rivers Foundation Comanche Springs Astronomy Campus (CSAC).
Foard County is fortunate to be the home of the 3 Rivers Foundation for the Arts and Sciences Comanche Springs Astronomy Campus (CSAC). Located on nearly 6,000 acres outside of Crowell on Farm to Market Road 654, it is a tourism draw to the region and a great educational resource for area residents and students. People come from all over the globe to use 3 Rivers Foundation’s observatories, which house one of the largest refractors in Texas and offer some of the largest and most advanced telescope equipment available to amateur astronomers and students. It hosts school field trips, educational courses, events for students of all ages, workshops for teachers, and free “star parties” for the public. In addition to the astronomical studies, the campus offers wildlife observation and education, with hiking trails and overnight camping.
Action 1 – Include 3 Rivers Foundation’s objectives and concerns in future broadband planning.
3 Rivers Foundation for the Arts and Sciences is an asset to the county, drawing tourism and benefiting residents. While astronomical observatories benefit from being in remote locations, due to low light pollution, they also have technology and connectivity needs. Cell phone service at the campus is limited and landline phones are available for emergency use. Internet access exists across most of the campus but costs are high. The broadband committee should investigate what solutions exist and the cause of service issues, whether that is access, affordability, or adoption. The county should strive to keep 3 Rivers Foundation in mind when making decisions and keep foundation leaders informed of projects, plans, and activities that could impact them.
3 Rivers Foundation should be invited to participate in the broadband committee as soon as it is formed.
- Local and county governments
- Foard County Broadband Advisory Committee
- 3 Rivers Foundation for the Arts and Sciences
Ensure that Foard County utilizes all available resources to improve quality of life and economic outcomes through technology.
Action 1 – Pursue grants that advance local community development using broadband technologies (e.g., workforce development, telehealth, digital literacy, etc.).
In conjunction with the countywide Connected Community Engagement, Foard County has been allocated funding to pursue applicable grant applications, if identified. For specifics, contact your Connected Nation Broadband Solutions Manager.
Community should identify grant opportunities within one year.
- Local and county governments
- Foard County Broadband Advisory Committee